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 Definition of psychotherapy methods and techniques of psychotherapy

What is psychotherapy? Techniques and types of psychotherapy psychotherapy methods and those eligible for psychotherapy, who needs psychotherapy and when. should you receive psychotherapy?

          Article contents
          1. What is psychotherapy?
          2. Psychotherapy methods
          3. Types of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapy Techniques
          4. Who needs psychotherapy?
          5. What are the factors that affect psychotherapy?

          people suffer from psychological and emotional disorders and mood and psychological fluctuations, and do not know how to deal with such problems and situations. Or the stereotype about psychotherapy is still bad or not convincing enough. In this article on psychotherapy we will talk about the concept and types of psychotherapy, and we will talk about cases where psychotherapy should be used to address the problems and disorders facing the person, then who is qualified to provide this type of treatment and what is the mechanism of the work of psychotherapy and its impact on correcting wrong and negative behaviors, thoughts and feelings.

          What is psychotherapy?

          Psychotherapy is therapy through speech, dialogue and conversation with a person who suffers from mental illnesses, mental disorders, emotional difficulties or confused thoughts, and psychotherapy seeks to rid people of troubled ideas and behaviors that affect their performance in various areas of life and their adaptation to their social environment and their selves.

          Psychologists and psychologists apply scientifically approved procedures to help people develop healthier and more effective habits, and there are a number of methods of psychotherapy such as cognitive behavioral and personal therapy and other types of speech therapy that share the goal of helping individuals solve their problems.

          Psychotherapy is a collaborative treatment: based on the relationship between the patient and the psychologist, and is based mainly on dialogue provided that it provides a supportive environment for speaking and dialogue openly with an objective and neutral person, the psychologist. 

          What is special about psychotherapy is that it not only addresses the problem, but also learns new skills that will benefit him in his future life to deal with the circumstances and changes that he will go through and enable him to overcome it and mitigate its negative effects on him, his psyche and his life.

          Psychotherapy methods

          Types of psychotherapy can be divided according to the method into:

          Psychotherapy sessions: 

          It is a treatment that is done through talking and discussion and trying to change the misconceptions and ideas of a person who suffers from symptoms of one or more disorders or is going through difficult psychological conditions and needs to talk about his problems and listen to scientific talk that benefits him in overcoming them and dealing with them.

          Psychotherapy with medication: 

          In some cases where mental or neurological disorder is difficult, the psychiatrist resorts to prescribing certain medications to the person, although it is better to deal with only the first type, but in some cases associated with hormones, genes and organic problems, the use of drug therapy as well as treatment should be used in addition to talking to the patient.
          About treatment sessions can be done individually between the psychologist and the patient directly, or to the family as a whole or couples in some sessions and then the sessions are more private and individual so that each person can get the support and psychotherapy he needs depending on his or her situation and details and in the interest of the privacy of psychotherapy.

          The duration during which psychiatric sessions must be adhered to varies, in some cases limited to limited visits, while in others psychotherapy and sessions extend for months and years depending on need, situation, response and development.

          Types of Psychotherapy and Psychotherapy Techniques

          Psychologists and psychologists describe the methods and techniques of psychotherapy as:

          Cognitive behavioral therapy: 

          Cognitive behavioral therapy helps identify and change patterns of thinking and behavior that are harmful or ineffective so that they are replaced by more accurate ideas and functional behaviors. Disorders that can be treated through cognitive behavioral therapy include depression, anxiety, trauma-related disorders and eating disorders.

          Personal therapy: 

          A short-term treatment that helps you understand the basic personal issues that are disturbing to you such as: untreated grief, changes in social or work roles, conflicts with others, and problems related to others. It is also used to treat depression.

          Dialectic behavioral therapy:

          A type of cognitive behavioral therapy that helps regulate emotions. It is used to treat people with chronic suicidal thoughts and people with borderline personality disorder, eating disorders and POST-traumatic stress disorder.

          Dynamic psychotherapy: 

          Behavior and mental well-being are influenced by experiences experienced by humans in childhood and through repetitive thoughts or unconscious feelings that they have already experienced and experienced in their lives. This type of treatment seeks to improve self-awareness and change the old thinking patterns that have caused the problems, disorders and stresses they experience.

          Psychological support: 

          Therapy through psychological support is used to guide and encourage patients to develop their own abilities and skills. It helps to build self-esteem, reduce anxiety, strengthen coping mechanisms and changes, and improve social and community performance.

          Creative Arts Therapy: 

          A modern psychotherapy method in which creative arts are used in the treatment process and the implementation of a treatment plan, such as singing, music, painting, dancing and drama with the patient.

          Pet-assisted treatment:

          Some people who love animals are given psychotherapy with the help of pets such as horses and dogs as these animals interact heavily with human feelings.

          Play therapy: 

          This type of treatment can be used in a focused manner with children, as play is what worries them most and attracts them so the psychologist uses games as means to implement a psychotherapy plan with the child. Through it, the child's feelings and thoughts can be identified.

          Who needs psychotherapy?

          All people need psychotherapy to overcome the problems and disorders caused by life's stresses and responsibilities and from those most in need of psychotherapy:

          • Anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), phobias panic disorder or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
          • Mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder
          • Addiction, such as alcoholism, drug addiction, or compulsive gambling
          •  Eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia
          • Personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder or dependent personality disorder
          • Schizophrenia or other disorders that cause detachment from reality (sebaceous disorders)
          • For disputes with your partner or anyone else in your life
          • Anxiety or stress caused by work or other situations
          • Major life changes such as divorce, death of a loved one or loss of a job Unhealthy reactions, such as road rage or passive-aggressive behavior
          • Inability to manage an ongoing or serious physical health problem, such as diabetes, cancer, or long-term (chronic) pain
          • Being physically or sexually assaulted or witnessing violence
          • Sexual problems, whether due to a physical or psychological cause
          • Sleep problems if you are having trouble falling asleep or staying asleep

          What are the factors that affect psychotherapy?

          Psychotherapy is not magic and the psychologist or psychiatrist does not have a magic wand to change the situation in a jiffy, the problems that man goes through are accumulations of harsh and difficult living conditions and involve several factors including:

          • exposure to shock
          • Education from childhood.
          • The environment in which people lived.
          • The thoughts and intellectual patterns that a person possesses.
          • family and social conditions.
          • Economic situation.
          • Awareness of those around the person.
          • Difficult situations that a person has lived through.
          • Sad and happy memories.
          • The people a person lives with and cohabits with in their day.
          • A person's level of awareness and culture.

          In order to ensure the success of psychotherapy and to achieve the best benefit, the following must be taken into account:

          • Dealing with the competent person on the basis of trust and transparency.
          • Desire for treatment and change.
          • Respond to a psychiatrist or psychiatrist.
          • Openness and clarity between doctor and patient.
          • Building a bridge of trust between the patient and the doctor, but without entering the realm of personal relationships to ensure impartiality.

          Now take a psychotherapy response test to see how much you are able to collaborate with your therapist or psychiatrist and benefit from psychotherapy sessions, complete the test by clicking on this link.


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